DNA Test Prices In Ghana

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What Is DNA Test?

Genetic Testing, also known as DNA Testing, Is used to identify changes in DNA sequence or chromosome structure. Genetic testing can also include measuring the results of genetic changes, such as RNA analysis as an output of gene expression, or through biochemical analysis to measure specific protein output. 

What Is a DNA Test Used For?

Genetic testing looks for changes, sometimes called mutations or variants, in your DNA. Genetic testing is useful in many areas of medicine and can change the medical care you or your family member receives.

How Is Genetic(DNA) Testing Done?

  • Step 1– In the doctor’s office:
  • Step 2– Prepare your DNA.
  • Step 3– Sequencing your DNA.
  • Step 4– Analyzing your DNA.
  • Step 5– Interpreting your DNA.
  • Step 6– Receiving your results.

WHAT IS THE PROCESS FOR DNA TESTING?

When you need to undergo a DNA test for any reason, you might be curious how the process works. DNA testing is a science.  The method of performing the test requires a lab and specialized machinery. This article will help you to understand the process behind DNA testing.

Sample Collection

This can be any bodily fluid or hair from a person, as they all carry DNA. The most common, and least invasive sample taken is a swab of the inside of your cheek.

Lyse Cells

This process will break down the membranes of the cells.  Typically, performed by adding an enzyme to a solution containing the DNA sample.

Separation

There are multiple ways to separate DNA.  However, the most common is a process called electrophoresis. This method uses an electric field to sort molecules in a sample. The unique molecular structure of DNA forces it away from the rest of the sample.

Copying 

A process called PCR is used to generate copies of the DNA.  These copies are then be tested for genetic markers.

Testing

Testing is the finding of genetic markers in the DNA that identify relationship. There are thousands of known genetic markers, but a relationship DNA test reports on 16 to 21 specific genetic markers that can prove a genetic relationship.

Matching

Now that markers have been obtained, they can be matched against an unknown DNA sample.  This will help to show if the unknown is the same person as the DNA donor. In the case of a paternity DNA test, the potential father must match half of the child’s genetic markers; the other half come from the mother.

If you have any other questions about DNA testing, or need a DNA test for other reasons, contact Endeavor DNA today. We provide accurate results and discreet service.

Types Of DNA Testing;

Three major types of genetic testing are available in laboratories: cytogenetic (to examine whole chromosomes), biochemical (to measure protein produced by genes), and molecular (to look for small DNA mutations).

Are DNA Tests Accurate?

“We’re talking about 99.9 percent accuracy for these arrays,” . But even with that high level of accuracy, when you process 1 million places in the genome, you might get 1,000 errors. Those small errors alone can help explain why one twin might have slightly different results from another.

How Long Do DNA Results Take?

Depending on the laboratory, results can take as little as 2 working days to come back from the receipt of samples. Other laboratories may take as long as 10 working days to provide your results, it differs on a lab-by-lab basis.

How Do You Read A DNA Test?

The DNA test report you will receive shows numbers (in the first column) that indicate each of the 21 loci involved in the DNA testing process. The columns marked “allele” on the DNA test report contain numbers indicating the two alleles found at each locus (or one number if they are the same size).

What Is Purpose Of DNA Testing?

Genetic testing can provide information about a person’s genetic background. The uses of genetic testing include:

Newborn screening

Diagnostic testing

Carrier testing

Prenatal testing

Preimplantation testing

Predictive and presymptomatic testing

Forensic testing

Benefits Of DNA Testing:

  • Direct-to-consumer genetic testing promotes awareness of genetic diseases.
  • It provides personalized information about your health, disease risk, and other traits.
  • It may help you be more proactive about your health.
  • It does not require approval from a healthcare provider or health insurance company.
  • A sense of relief from uncertainty.
  • A greater understanding of your health and your cancer risk.
  • Information to help make informed medical and lifestyle decisions.
  • Opportunity to help educate other family members about the potential risk.

DNA Test Prices In Ghana:

The cost of the test differs from hospital to hospital and the number of individuals involved. It starts from GHS 1,600.00 to GHS 10,000.00 Yes, GHS 10,000.00 in cases where they have to do an amniocentesis and Chorionic Villus Sampling need to be done.